## Information on all the member stresses evaluated by SkyCiv Structural Software

Display the single-member stress values acting on each member of your structure. The stress types that can be viewed are separated based on their **component local axis directions** and include:

- Top Bending Z
- Top Bending Y
- Btm Bending Z
- Btm Bending Y
- Shear Y
- Shear Z
- Axial (X)
- Top Combined Z
- Top Combined Y
- Btm Combined Z
- Btm Combined Y
- Torsion (about X)

## Local Axes

The diagram below explains how local axes are described for each member to better visualize how stress results are represented.

- Local X-axis – In the direction along the length of the member (longitude axis).
- Local Y-axis – In the direction of the altitude axis. The vertical axis of the cross-section.
- Local Z-axis – In the direction of the lateral axis. The horizontal axis of the cross-section.

## Top Bending Z

The top fiber bending stress about the local Z axis. Acts in the local X-axis.

## Top Bending Y

The top fiber bending stress about the local Y-axis. Acts in the local X-axis.

## Bottom Bending Z

The bottom fiber bending stress about the local Z axis. Acts in the local X-axis.

## Bottom Bending Y

The bottom fiber bending stress about the local Y-axis. Acts in the local X-axis.

## Shear Y

The shear stress in the local Y-axis.

## Shear Z

The shear stress in the local Z axis.

## Shear Z

The shear stress in the local Z axis.

## Axial (X)

The axial stress in the local X-axis.

## Top Combined Z

The sum of all stresses acting about the Z local axis direction at the top fiber. Sum of Top Bending Z and Axial (X).

## Top Combined Y

The sum of all stresses acting about the Y local axis direction at the top fiber. Sum of Top Bending Y and Axial (X).

## Bottom Combined Z

The sum of all stresses acting about the Z local axis direction at the bottom fiber. Sum of Btm Bending Z and Axial (X).

## Bottom Combined Y

The sum of all stresses acting about the Y local axis direction at the bottom fiber. Sum of Btm Bending Y and Axial (X).

## Torsion (about X)

The torsional stress about the local X-axis.