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Moment of Inertia Calculator for Beam Sections

Welcome to SkyCiv's Free Moment of Inertia Calculator! This free Section Builder is able to accurately and quickly determine the moment of inertia among other section properties. The following multi-purpose calculator is taken from our Structural Analysis Software and is free to use. It is not just a moment of inertia calculator, but also:

  • Calculate the Moment of Inertia (I) of a beam section (Second Moment of Area)
  • Centroid Calculator used to calculate the Centroid (C) in the X and Y axis of a beam section
  • Calculate the First moment of area (Statical Moment of Inertia) (Q) of a beam section (First Moment of Area)
  • A Section Modulus Calculator to calculate the Section Modulus (Z) of a beam section
  • Calculate the Torsion Constant (J) of a beam section

The Beam Section Calculator is able to find the moment of inertia for a rectangle, circle, hollow rectangular section (HSS), hollow circular section, triangle, I-Beam, T-Beam, L-Sections (angles) and channel sections. SkyCiv also offers other tools such as I beam size tool and free design check software. The dynamic section drawer will also show you a graphical representation of your beam section. So if you want to calculate the moment of inertia of a circle, moment of inertia of a rectangle or any other shapes, feel free to use the below software or our all inclusive SkyCiv Section Builder.

To start using the free centroid calculator to calculate moment of inertia, simply choose the cross section you want to evaluate from the drop down lost, then enter in the dimensions and click Calculate. The results for centroid, moment of inertia, statical moment section modulus and torsion constant will display on your right.



Notation Value Unit
A - -
Iz - -
Iy - -
Izp - -
Iyp - -
αp - -
Cz - -
Cy - -
Qz - -
Qy - -
Zz - -
Zy - -
J - -

Need more Functionality?

SkyCiv Section Builder is a fully-featured cross section analysis tool that can analyze any cross section you come across. This fully-online software uses powerful Finite Element Analysis to calculate all the above results, plus more. For instance, Torsion Radius and Warping Constant can only be accurately calculated using powerful FEA software.

As well as this, the software can handle any custom shape from points or lines for complex shapes. The software can also import DXF files from CAD to analyze any section that comes across your desk.

More Free Tools Available

Here at SkyCiv, we continue to deliver valuable tools and resources that will aid in the work of structural engineers. We have a long list of other free and easy to use tools for you to check out. Check out our free design section reference for obtaining the geometric properties of standard steel or aluminum sections. Check out our free beam design module for analysis of simply-supported beams. You can also check out our free truss calculator for quick analysis of 2D trusses. For small 2D frames, you can check out our free structural frame calculator.

  • Adham Nadim

    What deflection will a standard I beam 200 mm 10 meters long free support have with a free span of 8 meters in the middle with a 4000 kg distributed live load over the 8 meters

  • Kendy Valeta

    No funciona la viga canal

  • David Wimberley

    I’m a first time user and fan of what you’re doing, but I have a constructive suggestion. It seems to me intrinsically confusing to have two rectangular cross-sections in your example, one of which is higher than it is wide, and the other wider than it is high. It would be much less confusing to be able to input your data into a single rectangle. Thanks for hearing me out.

    • Hi David,

      I completely agree. This is why in our new section builder you just need to specify the outer width and depth with a thickness. If you sign up for free account, you can access it by clicking ‘SB’ in the left menu:

      • David Wimberley

        OK. Did so. Thanks.


    can anyone differentiate between moment of inertia of two rectangular beams, with and without holes over it.

  • Anitha G

    am designing triangular cantilever beam, how to calculate stress, displacement, moment inertia, and theoretical i have to prove, plz suggest me and give some material to understanding.

  • Shaun Murrin

    This is a tutorial question I’m struggling a bit which axis in to vase the I value in..”Based on calculations it has been determined that a universal steel column must have a minimum value of I of 38748 cm4. Select a column suitable for this scenario showing clearly why you have selected that particular column” .

  • Chris Webb

    I hate the moor

  • jamsheed sajid

    wow a nice and great work done by you. being a mechanical engineering student i think now i have found all what i need through out degree. thanks a lot for such a great work. i salute you

  • Gokul Kgs

    Can anyone help me to find out the moment of inertia for this type of I-Profile.
    I need a little detail explanation.

    • Hi Gokul. Wow this is a complex one! The first step is always finding the centroid of the area as that will tell you where the neutral axes are. Then you need to divide the area into different sections. Both of these steps are explained in our tutorials: skyciv.com/tutorials

      This is a complex section though – it will probably take 1+ hours by hand. Hopefully in future we can add custom section shapes in future.

      • Gokul

        Thanks for your reply.
        i just want to know that how to consider the curves present in it. Is there any way to find easily like software……..

        • mecheng

          Maybe a bit too late to be helpful, but I’d just sketch it in Solidworks or similar and use the built in ‘evaluate section’ function. Any proper CAD system should have this function. Google will help you a long way on how to do it 😉

        • Muthamizhselvan Vijayan

          Hi gokul, better you extrude this profile in creo parametric and go for mass properties..

    • Pape Modou Fall

      you can use autocad logiciel

      1-at first you drax this section
      2-you click left “Region” and selection all the section
      3-finaly , you click left again for select “Propmeca”, you select your region

      and you have ( Iy, Iz, Go, A, P)
      if you draw it at dwg, I can do it for you

    • HollywoodF1

      Check with the Aluminum Design Manual (I’m assuming this is Aluminum.) The section properties are limited by the strength of the elements of the section. SAP 2000 has a tool where it will calculate the section properties of shapes you import from AutoCAD.


      Hi Gokul. Try any 3D software help. You could solve this within 5 to 10 min for sketching but you could get exact results. As per my suggestion use Creo Software.

    • Hey Gokul,
      Sam from SkyCiv here. With our Section Builder Software (under Student or Professional account) you can solve complex structures like your attached (this dimensions aren’t the same as yours but you get the idea):


    • Hey Gokul,
      Sam from SkyCiv here. With our Section Builder Software (under Student or Professional account) you can solve complex structures like your attached (this dimensions aren’t the same as yours but you get the idea):


  • Raghda Al Rashii

    I don’t get how did you find Iz?

  • It’s not easy to find such perfectly written information on this topic,great work,thanks for sharing….!

  • Roland

    Why does it give Iz and Iy rotated for a L-beam? What if I want the area moment of inertia about the vertical and horizontal axes?

    • L-sections and some channel sections are asymmetric in both the horizontal and vertical axes. So when a load is applied the member actually twists (see the image from SkyCiv Structural 3D renderer – only a vertical load is applied yet there is displacement in two directions). The Iz and Iy values shown are about the principal (rotated) axes. Perhaps in the future we can provide the values about the vertical and horizontal axes too. Thanks for the suggestion.

      • travis

        beautiful pic! (:

        • travis


  • Al

    section modulus in the ‘Z’ and ‘Y’ axis should not be the same value?

    • Which section are you referring too so we can check it? If it is symmetric then it would be the same value.

  • Manuel Sierra

    Muy útil, gracias mil

  • Guilherme Henrique

    this is very useful, but it’s missing a geometric composition tool. Thanks anyway.

  • Zia Ul Islam

    Hey Paul, Thank you so much. Can you please put up ” Z ” shaped cross sections in there as well ? Would be greatly appreciated :)

    • Hi Zia, I really hope in the near future we can add many many more sections :) including the Z-section!

  • Tarek J. Ammar

    Would be great if you can include calculations for notched beams ( For connections’ purposes)

    • Hi Tarek. Thanks for the feedback although I’m not 100% sure what you mean – could you please elaborate or provide an example? Thanks.

      • Tarek J. Ammar

        Anytime. Well mostly in designing connections for beams-to-beams/columns you’re required to notch same-sized beams at the end so they can be connected to the web so I section becomes a notched T section. Furthermore its necessary to find the moment of inertia and stresses onto that beam

  • Bak

    hi. what about a reversed t beam ? Thanks.

    • Hi Bak. If you invert the T-beam the results would be identical except for the values of the Centroid since they are always measured from the bottom left of the section. Hope that helps!

  • Vincent

    Is it possible to get the equation for Ix and Iy for the T-Beam?

    • Hi Vincent. We’ll be adding the formulae for most results in the near future. Sorry but the T-beam is very complex to type out so you’re going to have to wait. Sorry about that.

  • lir

    The origion of axis system should be at Center of mass, otherwise results are not correct.

    • Thanks for letting us know. This has been fixed.

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