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Modelling Stacked Beams

How to model stacked beams using Rigid Links

Simple specify the member “Type” as “Rigid Link” to create a member that acts as a Rigid Link. When this is done you will see that the rigid link is drawn in light grey color with a “R” symbol beside it:

Rigid Link Members

Rigid Links can be useful to define rigid connections between structures that involve stacked beams or members. They are often thought of as imaginary stiff links that join members so they can translate and/or rotate together. A rigid link can also be used to manually control for member offsets. Additionally you can change the fixity/releases in the rigid link to control what forces and effects it has on what it connects to.

Looking at the analysis results, you can see that as the top beam is loaded, and deflects, so does the beam below:

stacking beam elements results in structural analysis

Member design checks will still run, however it is important to consider the limitations of the software in understanding the unbraced lengths and member end fixities. In this scenario, the Lb should be adjusted according to your design needs.

design check structural analysis of stacked beam elements

Method 2: Using Custom Shapes in Section Builder

An alternative method to the above, is using the SkyCiv Section Builder to model two models on top of each other, and treating it as one element:

stacked-beams-section-builder-method

This will use FEA to calculate the geometric properties of this ‘single’ section. It will then use those geometric properties along the entire line element. More on this method can be viewed at the following documentation page: Composite and Built up Shapes in SkyCiv

Comparison of Results

When modelling the two methods together, the results are quite consistent for deflection:

stacked-beam-tech-note-result-comparison

Since the members are only linked at certain points along the beam, there is a variance in the connectivity of the beams. In the bottom (Section Builder Method), the element is treated as one piece, where as in the Rigid Link method, it is only connected at 3 points along the beam’s span.

stacked-beam-tech-note-result-comparison-analysis

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