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メンバーエンド固定具 (接続性)

What Member Fixities mean and how they are identified in Structural 3D

Member End Fixities control how members are connected to each other or to the end nodes and include conditions such as a fixed, 固定, or spring connection.

This Member setting controls how the end of the member connects to its end node, and therefore how members connect to each other. A fixity code is a 6 character code specifying the 6 degrees of freedom for translation and rotation.

Member-end fixity codes accept ‘F’ (修繕) and ‘R’ (リリース済み) 値. This code refers to the member end’s connection to its end node for each of the 6 degrees of freedom in the following order:

  • Local x-axis Translation
  • Local y-axis Translation
  • Local z-axis Translation
  • Local x-axis Rotation
  • Local y-axis Rotation
  • Local z-axis Rotation

注意: Member-end fixities are with respect to the member’s local axis system rather than the global axis system.

例えば, a fully fixed connection between two members (つまり. any forces or moments are transferred from one member to the next) will be denoted as ‘FFFFFFwhereas a hinge connection, which cannot transfer moments in the y or z direction, would be coded as ‘FFFFRR’. The ‘Frameand ‘Trussbuttons are preset end fixity conditions commonly used in the analysis:

フレーム members have a fully fixed, rigid connection specified by a fixity code of ‘FFFFFF’.

トラス members have a hinged connection denoted by a code of ‘FFFFRR’.

To specify custom values, ensure that the カスタム button is selected. This enables the end fixity fields to be edited.

How to tell Member End Fixity while looking in the model space

When modeling with members, it is convenient to know the membersend fixity without having to click on each member individually. デフォルトでは, when members are modeled they have fully fixed, または フレーム, end fixities (FFFFFF). The member looks like a single line between nodes:

修正 1

When any of the degrees of freedom are released, the member will have a small dot near the end of the member (as shown below circled in red). 例えば, for members with pinned, または トラス, end fixities (FFFRRR), the member would look like this:

修正 2

Further Explanation

For more information on member fixities, SkyCiv has a technical article (including a video) in our blog, に焦点を当てる how to model member fixities:

例: How to model pin connections or hinges

この例では, we will create a simple pin connection, such as a hinge. Start by creating 3 nodes and joining them with 2 会員. In this example node, 2 will be the hinge.

Select member 1 to bring up the menu for its settings. クリック “カスタム” option to allow you to edit the fixity values. We want the hinge to be at node 2, which for member 1 それは “Node B” end of the member. This means we need to edit the “ノードBの固定性”. Since we want the hinge to be able to rotate about its local z-axis, we set the z rotational fixity (the 6th character code) from F to R.

Select member 2 to bring up its menu. クリック “カスタム” ボタン. Note that node 2 それは “ノードA” end of this member. This means we need to change the “ノードAの修正”. As before, change its local-z rotational fixity value from F to R.

The hinge that rotates about its local z-axis is now complete. Notice that a dot appears at the end of the member that has a rotation release.


詳細については, SkyCiv has a further explanation on how to model a hinge, using Structural Analysis Software.

ビデオ: Explaining degrees of freedom and fixity codes

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