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SkyCiv RC设计

  1. SkyCiv RC设计
  2. 板材设计模块
  3. 单向和双向钢筋混凝土板分析



SkyCiv has a robust and advanced module for reinforced concrete slab design. 要访问此功能, you must have first built a model on SkyCiv S3D and then call the module for automatic calculation with different construction codes such as ACI-318, 欧洲和澳大利亚标准, 等等. The module’s primary purpose for plate design is to provide the steel reinforcement rebar quantity along the plate.

two way reinforced concrete slab, one way reinforced concrete slab, slab analysis

数字 1. SkyCiv Slab Design Module

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SkyCiv documentation provides excellent content, including examples and cases of analysis, both for learning if you are new to the modules and for comparing the results from the plate design module with hand calculations. Feel free to check our design examples according to ACI-318, 欧洲规范,AS3600.

We suggest you read this article before deeply analyzing complex slab systems. 这里, you will learn how the bending moments differ depending on slab plan dimensions. There are two cases of study, one-way and two-way slabs. 所以, let’s start reading!

One-way versus two-way slab behavior

Let’s consider the slab example in the following image, where there is support on each slab edge, and we establish this will behave as a two-way plate, 那是, having a bending moment in the two principal plan directions.

two way reinforced concrete slab, one way reinforced concrete slab, slab analysis

数字 2. Simple two-way slab example on bending. (David Darwin, Charles W.Dolan, Arthur H. Nilson, “混凝土结构设计,” Fifteenth Edition, McGraw-Hill Education)

We can define the vertical displacement as (\(l_a < l_b \)):

\(\Delta_a = \frac{{5}{w_a}{l_a^4}}{384{Ë}{一世}}\)

\(\Delta_b = \frac{{5}{w_b}{l_b^4}}{384{Ë}{一世}}\)

Due to the slab being a continuous system, both vertical deflections will have the same value. We can compare the equations to express a relation between the load being carried by each direction as a function of the plan dimensions.

\(\Delta_a = \Delta_b \to \frac{{5}{w_a}{l_a^4}}{384{Ë}{一世}} = frac{{5}{w_b}{l_b^4}}{384{Ë}{一世}}\)

\(\压裂{w_a}{w_b} = {(\压裂{l_b}{l_a}})^4 \)

All reinforced concrete references for slab design divide into one-way and two-way if the quotient of \(\压裂{l_b}{l_a}\) is greater or less than a value of 2, 分别.

Using the above equations, when \(\压裂{l_b}{l_a}=2\), the load carried by short direction is equal to \(w_a = {16}{w_b}\) and when the value is \(\压裂{l_b}{l_a}=1), the load is distributed equally in both directions \(w_a ={w_b}\).

One-way slabs moments

所以, we can see that when the quotient of dimensions is greater than 2, practically, all the loads and bending moments will be concentrated only in the short direction. This case is the one-way slab behavior, and the maximum bending moment can be obtained as a simply supported beam with a unitary width.

\(M_{最高,1,d}= 分数{{w_a}{1 米}{l_a^2}}{8}\)

Two-way slabs moments

The solution of the case of the two-way slab is a complex and challenging problem in structural mechanics. You can see in the figure below the general analysis consists of a plate with entire forces and moments in each direction.

two way reinforced concrete slab, one way reinforced concrete slab, slab analysis

数字 3. Actions on plate element (bending and torsional moments; normal and shear forces)

This difficulty comes from the actual problem to solve is a fourth-order partial differential equation that involves the bending in two directions. The shape of this equation is:

\(\压裂{\partial^4{w}}{{\partial}{x^4}} + {2}\压裂{{\partial^4}{w}}{{{\partial}{x^2}}{{\partial}{y^2}}}+\压裂{\partial^4{w}}{{\partial}{x^4}}-\压裂{f_z}{d} = 0\)

Where the plate stiffness (using the elastic mechanical and geometric properties) 是 \(D=\frac{{Ë}{t^3}}{{12}{(1-\nu^2)}}\).

The analytical solution of this equation is only available for straightforward support conditions. The only way to obtain a possible solution for practical and actual live cases is through numerical methods such as the Finite Element Method.

SkyCiv uses this approach to solve plate analysis. On the following links, you will have access to tutorials to learn about SkyCiv platform characteristics: Plate Design in S3DHow to model plates? .

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