How does SkyCiv compare to CAD/FEM software?


We have a lot of Mechanical/Naval Engineers using Structural 3D. A lot of the benefit is using it as a complimentary to traditional CAD/FEA to run simple frame analysis, that help shape the initial design. We decided to run a test to analyse the performance of Structural 3D vs traditional CAD/FEA software.

The structure chosen was a hydraulic frame used in a maritime application. It was a fairly simple 21 member structure that featured a pinned circular rod. To simplify this, the entire model was decided to contain single section properties.


Experiment Conditions

Item SkyCiv CAD/FEA Analysis
Operating System I7-6700 @2.6GHz - Mozilla FireFox I7-6700 @2.6GHz
User Proficiency Intermediate Intermediate
Analysis Type 1D Elements (Linear Static) 3D FEA using ANSYS
Software SkyCiv Structural 3D Solid Works / ANSYS
Mesh Coarseness Medium (25 eval points) ANSYS Default Meshing Setting

We had to really simplify both models due to some limitations on the CAD/FEA software. For one, we had to assume a single section (HSS3x2x1/4) was used throughout the entire frame to use the Truss modelling capabilities of CAD. If we didn't take this assumption the model would have taken 3-4 times longer to build. Another assumption was that the joints were not coped correctly (given the curved edges of the HSS) but modelling this further would have added more time.

We also ignored the effects of crashes (the CAD/FEA software crashed twice) and just performed a single analysis run, when in reality it normally takes a few analysis runs to verify the model is setup correctly.


Time:

Item SkyCiv CAD/FEA Analysis
Software Loadup 1 minute 5 minutes
Modelling 12 minutes 120 minutes
Meshing 0 minutes 15 minutes
Applying Loads <1 minute 3 minutes
Solving Time <1 minute <1 minute
Total 0.25 hours (15 minutes) 2.4 hours (144 minutes)

Given the assumptions we took, this has been grossly understated. We estimate that if we had to build the original frame (pinned connections, different sections) it would have taken an additional 4 hours in CAD and just 1-2 more minutes in SkyCiv.


Try for Yourself!


Analysis Comparison

It was always going to be interesting to compare the results of the analysis - particularly as we are comparing apples with oranges. We are comparing the analysis of a simplified linear model VS a 3D model of joints, members and meshes. But obviously we want to make sure there is some degree of accuracy between the two methods. We found that the software results were within 7.4% of each other for peak deflection.


Deflection Results

SkyCivCAD/FEA frame verification structure frame verification structure
1.1446mm1.0602mm

Summary

You could conclude that when looking at a frame analysis, the linear analysis software could produce results within an 8% tolerance of FEA software. This result took one-tenth the time to model, mesh and analyse. Two courses of action could be recommended:

  • Simplified Linear FEA took one-tenth the time to model and analyze
  • Results were within 7.4% accuracy
  • Use Linear software in place of CAD/FEA for these sorts of frames. Knowing that results will be within 8% accuracy (linear analysis is typically overstated)
  • Use Linear software to come up with preliminary designs or double checks. Then finalize design using CAD/FEA models

I highly recommend trying the software yourself, with our FREE 14 Day Trial to see how easy it is to get started.


Sam Carigliano, PEng CEO and Co-Founder of SkyCiv
Sam Carigliano, PEng
CEO and Co-Founder of SkyCiv
BEng (Civil), BCom
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